Head to Nikopolis, 7 km north of Preveza town, where there is an important archaeological site. The Roman Emperor Octavian founded her, in commemoration of his victory at the Naval Battle of Actium against Mark Anthony and Cleopatra of Egypt (31 B.C.) Construction took place on a 3.5 km wide strip of land between Mazoma Lagoon formed by Amvrakikos Gulf and the Ionian Sea. During the Roman and the Byzantine times, it flourished as the capital, the administrative, and the religious centre of the roman province of Old Epirus.
Nikopolis was deserted after the Bulgarian invasion, during the early 10th c. The archaeological site includes the Roman city walls, an odeum and a theatre (1st c. A.D.). In addition, the Monument of Augustus, Nymphaion, the Byzantine city walls, an early Christian mansion, and the king’s house, a Roman building that people used in the early Christian period too. Last but not least, make sure you visit the Archaeological Museum of Nikopolis. There you’ll see exhibits dating to the Roman, Early Christian and Byzantine years. Moreover, you will learn about local life during the medieval and later times.
Louros and Arachthos Rivers
Plan your next trip at the estuaries of Louros and Arachthos Rivers, where the Amvrakikos wetland is located. The area is part of the Natura 2000 Network and it is protected by the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Enjoy a day trip on the tourist boat that tours the gulf, or hire a sailing boat at the marina, and look for the dolphins who roam these waters.
Visit Kamarina and Kryopigi villages, 25.5 km NW of Preveza; the location affords wonderful views of Amvrakikos Gulf and also the Ionian Sea. Stop by the archaeological site of ancient Kassopi, the capital of the land of the Kassopeans, an Epirote tribe; the town was established just before the mid-4th c. BC, and people gradually abandoned her when Nikopolis was founded.
Continue NW to Zalongo, located at a 29 km distance from Preveza. An act of great bravery took place here, in December 1803. Local women from Souli village chose to dive off Zalongo’s steep rocks holding their kids in their arms because Ali Pasha’s forces were chasing them. Thus, in honour of these heroic women, the sculptor G. Zongolopoulos and the architect P. Karantinos raised a monument in 1961.